Subgenres of Electronic Music Explained

The past few decades have seen a meteoric rise in popularity for a wide variety of electronic music styles, each of which is constantly developing and diversifying. Electronic music has won over fans worldwide thanks to its distinctive combination of synthesized sounds, rhythmic beats, and inventive production techniques. In this in-depth guide, we will delve into the intriguing world of electronic music and investigate its many subgenres, throwing light on its distinctive qualities and the contributions they have made to the dynamic landscape of the genre.

House music

In the 1980s, Chicago was the birthplace of electronic music called house music, which became one of the most prominent subgenres of electronic music worldwide and a big part of the nightlife Music Therapy you see today. House music is recognizable by its four-on-the-floor pace and soulful vocals, contributing to the contagious and energizing environment on the dance floor. Deep house, progressive house, and tech house are all notable subgenres that fall under the umbrella of house music. Each subgenre has its own distinctive flavor and set of aural components.


Originating in Detroit in the 1980s, techno is known for its relentless beats, futuristic soundscapes, and hypnotic rhythms. This subgenre embodies a raw and industrial aesthetic, often pushing the boundaries of experimentation and abstraction. Techno has since evolved into various offshoots such as minimal techno, acid techno, and Detroit techno, each adding its distinctive twist to the genre.


Trance music is characterized by its euphoric melodies, atmospheric textures, and driving basslines. It creates an immersive and uplifting experience for listeners, transporting them to heightened emotion and transcendence. Subgenres within trance include progressive trance, uplifting trance, and psytrance, each offering a unique blend of sonic elements and mood.

Drum and Bass

Drum and bass, often known as D&B or DnB, is a kind of electronic music pioneered in the United Kingdom in the early 1990s. Drum & bass is an electronic music genre characterized by its breakbeat rhythms, deep basslines, and complicated drum patterns. The result is a sonic landscape that is full of energy and moves at a rapid pace. There are numerous subgenres of drum and bass, such as liquid funk, jungle, and neurofunk. Each subgenre has its unique take on the frenetic intensity and intricate production techniques that define the genre.


The late 1990s saw the birth of dubstep, which only broke through to the mainstream in the 2000s. A dark and powerful aural experience is produced by dubstep due to its usage of low-frequency basslines, syncopated rhythms, and an abundance of sub-bass frequencies. Brostep, ambient dubstep, and future garage are all examples of subgenres that fall under the umbrella of dubstep. Each of these showcases a unique set of musical features and inspirations.

Ambient and downtempo

Both ambient music and downtempo music aim to produce soundscapes that are calming. These subgenres of music provide a listening experience that is peaceful and conducive to reflective thought. They are distinguished by the ethereal textures, calming melodies, and slow-paced rhythms that they feature. This category includes various subgenres, some of which are as diverse as chillout, trip-hop, and ambient techno.


Electro is a genre that blends electronic music and funk elements, characterized by its robotic sounds, catchy melodies, and syncopated rhythms. This subgenre has roots in the 1980s but has seen a resurgence in recent years. Electroclash, electro-house, and nu-disco are subgenres within the electro umbrella, each contributing to its eclectic and groovy sonic palette.

Future Bass

Future bass combines elements of electronic music, hip-hop, and R&B to create a genre characterized by its melodic and emotional qualities. Known for its lush chords, pitched vocal samples, and heavy use of synthesizers, future bass offers a dynamic and uplifting sonic experience. Subgenres within future bass include future trap, melodic dubstep, and future garage.


Synthwave is a subgenre that pays homage to the sounds and aesthetics of the 1980s. Inspired by retro video games, movie soundtracks, and analog synthesizers, synth-wave captures the essence of a bygone era. With its pulsating basslines, nostalgic melodies, and vintage synthesizer sounds, synth-wave creates a nostalgic and evocative sonic journey.

Experimental and IDM

The electronic music genres, known as Intelligent Dance Music (IDM) and Experimental Dance Music (EDM), push the boundaries of the genre by experimenting with sound design, sophisticated rhythms, and abstract compositions. These subgenres challenge the conventional structures of music and frequently include components of glitch music, avant-garde music, and ambient music – artists like Aphex Twin, Autechre, and Squarepusher are all considered to fall into this category.


Electronic music is a broad and ever-expanding genre with a myriad of subgenres, each offering its own distinctive aural experience and its distinct cultural influence. Music lovers can embark on a fascinating journey of electronic music’s rich and diverse environment by first grasping the unique traits and nuances of the various subgenres that make up electronic music.


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